KANAK-KANAK DISLEKSIA PDF

Email This BlogThis! Artikel ini dapat membantu guru lebih memahami disleksia kerana ia menyenaraikan ciri-ciri dan kelakuan pengidap disleksia dengan terperinci. Most dyslexics will exhibit about 10 of the following traits and behaviors. These characteristics can vary from day-to-day or minute-to-minute. The most consistent thing about dyslexics is their inconsistency. General Umum Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level.

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Email This BlogThis! Artikel ini dapat membantu guru lebih memahami disleksia kerana ia menyenaraikan ciri-ciri dan kelakuan pengidap disleksia dengan terperinci. Most dyslexics will exhibit about 10 of the following traits and behaviors. These characteristics can vary from day-to-day or minute-to-minute.

The most consistent thing about dyslexics is their inconsistency. General Umum Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level. Kelihatan cerdik dan bijak tetapi tidak berupaya membaca, menulis, mengeja pada level usianya Labelled lazy, dumb, careless, immature, "not trying hard enough," or "behavior problem.

IQ tinggi tetapi prestasi akademik rendah, kemahiran lisan lebih baik berbanding penulisan Feels dumb; has poor self-esteem; hides or covers up weaknesses with ingenious compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing. Merasa bodoh, rendah diri Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story-telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering.

Berbakat dalam bidang seni, sukan, mekanikal, bercerita, jualan, merekacipta Seems to "Zone out" or daydream often; gets lost easily or loses track of time. Selalu berangan atau berkhayal Difficulty sustaining attention; seems "hyper" or "daydreamer.

Cepat belajar melalui praktikal, eksperimen, pemerhatian, dengan bantuan visual Vision, Reading, and Spelling Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while reading. Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.

Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing, or copying. Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision. Reads and rereads with little comprehension. Spells phonetically and inconsistently.

Hearing and Speech Has extended hearing; hears things not said or apparent to others; easily distracted by sounds. Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words, and syllables when speaking.

Writing and Motor Skills Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible. Math and Time Management Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time.

Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money. Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems; cannot grasp algebra or higher math. Memory and Cognition Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations, and faces.

Poor memory for sequences, facts and information that has not been experienced. Thinks primarily with images and feeling, not sounds or words little internal dialogue. Behavior, Health, Development and Personality Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly. Can be class clown, trouble-maker, or too quiet. Had unusually early or late developmental stages talking, crawling, walking, tying shoes. Prone to ear infections; sensitive to foods, additives, and chemical products.

Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age. Unusually high or low tolerance for pain. Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection. Mistakes and symptoms increase dramatically with confusion, time pressure, emotional stress, or poor health. Sumber Cite as : Davis, R.

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ciri-ciri kanak-kanak disleksia

Otak kita mesti melakukan beberapa fungsi secara serentak ketika membaca. Ketika anda sedang membaca artikel ini, otak anda terlebih dahulu perlu mengesan, mengenali dan menghubungkannya dengan fonetik bunyi yang dihasilkan pelbagai huruf itu. Proses itu berlaku bemula dari satu perkataa, kemudian satu ayat sehinggalah kepada perenggan-perenggan seterusnya. Ia merupakan satu proses yang panjang tetapi otak kita mampu melakukannya dengan kepantasan tinggi supaya kita dapat membaca dengan baik.

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Kenali Ciri-ciri Kanak-kanak DISLEKSIA???

Klasifikasi[ sunting sunting sumber ] Di peringkat antarabangsa, disleksia tidak memiliki definisi tunggal, bagaimanapun ia diterima secara umum sebagai gangguan kognitif yang berkaitan dengan membaca dan bersuara. Lebih daripada tujuh puluh nama yang berkaitan yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan manifestasinya, pencirian atau sebab-sebab. Persekutuan Neurologi Dunia mentakrifkan disleksia sebagai "gangguan yang ditunjukkan melalui kesukaran dalam pembelajaran untuk membaca walaupun menerima arahan konvensional, kecerdasan yang mencukupi dan peluang sosiobudaya". Takridan bagi masalan ini, ditakrifkan sebagai disleksia, merangkumi beberapa kelemahan kemahiran membaca, dan kesukaran berpunca dari beberapa sebab dan bukan hanya oleh satu keadaan. Hipotesis dwilaluan untuk membaca dengan kuat ini mencadangkan jawapan untuk pembacaan bercelaru, termasuk kedua-dua disleksia didapati dan yang diwarisi. Lambat membaca dan mempunyai tulisan tangan yang buruk. Ketika membaca, sering mengurang dan menambah pada sesuatu perkataan.

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