The author marshals an impressive array of evidence to demonstrate that this stance has a history of its own, although few people are aware of it. Indeed, misotheists tend to conceal their hostility to God, even while they hint at it obsessively. Hating God contains both a sweeping historical overview of the hostility against God and compelling case studies of six major authors who explore mis More This book uncovers something more radical than atheism: hostility against God. Hating God contains both a sweeping historical overview of the hostility against God and compelling case studies of six major authors who explore misotheistic themes: Algernon Swinburne, Zora Neale Hurston, Rebecca West, Elie Wiesel, Peter Shaffer, and Philip Pullman.
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Terminology[ edit ] Misotheism first appears in a dictionary in The English word appears as a nonce -coinage, used by Thomas de Quincey in Strictly speaking, the term connotes an attitude towards the gods one of hatred rather than making a statement about their nature. Bernard Schweizer stated "that the English vocabulary seems to lack a suitable word for outright hatred of God Applying the term to the work of Philip Pullman His Dark Materials , Schweizer clarifies that he does not mean the term to carry the negative connotations of misanthropy : "To me, the word connotes a heroic stance of humanistic affirmation and the courage to defy the powers that rule the universe.
The opposite concept is eutheism , the belief that God exists and is wholly good. Koons in a lecture. According to Koons, "eutheism is the thesis that God exists and is wholly good, [ A notable usage of the concept that the gods are either indifferent or actively hostile towards humanity is in the Cthulhu Mythos of H.
As such, it is generally manifested more as an opposition to belief in a god to theism per se than as opposition to gods themselves, making it more associated with antireligion , although Buddhism is generally considered to be a religion despite its status with respect to theism being more nebulous.
Antitheism by this definition does not necessarily imply belief in any sort of god at all, it simply stands in opposition to the idea of theistic religion. Under this definition, antitheism is a rejection of theism that does not necessarily imply belief in gods on the part of the antitheist.
Some might equate any form of antitheism to an overt opposition to God, since these beliefs run contrary to the idea of making devotion to God the highest priority in life, although those ideas would imply that God exists, and that he wishes to be worshiped, or to be believed in. Thus, the Gnostics see Sethian , Ophites believed that God the deity worshiped by Jews, Greek Pagan philosophers and Christians was really an evil creator or demiurge that stood between us and some greater, more truly benevolent real deity.
Similarly, Marcionites depicted God as represented in the Old Testament as a wrathful, malicious demiurge. Main articles: Theodicy , Problem of evil , and Holocaust theology Dystheistic speculation arises from consideration of the problem of evil — the question of why God, who is supposedly omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent, would allow evil to exist in the world.
In fact, the dystheistic option would be a consistent non-contradictory response to the problem of evil. Thus Koons concludes that the problem of theodicy explaining how God can be good despite the apparent contradiction presented in the problem of evil does not pose a challenge to all possible forms of theism i. This conclusion implicitly takes the first horn of the Euthyphro dilemma , asserting the independence of good and evil morality from God as God is defined in monotheistic belief.
Historically, the notion of "good" as an absolute concept has emerged in parallel with the notion of God being the singular entity identified with good. In this sense, dystheism amounts to the abandonment of a central feature of historical monotheism: the de facto association of God with the summum bonum.
Arthur Schopenhauer wrote: "This world could not have been the work of an all-loving being, but that of a devil, who had brought creatures into existence in order to delight in the sight of their sufferings. Examples include the work of David R.
Thus, in spite and because of his sovereignty, this God is everlastingly guilty and the degrees run from gross negligence to mass murder To the extent that [people] are born with the potential and power to [do evil things], credit for that fact belongs elsewhere.
Voetius accused Descartes of blasphemy in Jacques Triglandius and Jacobus Revius , theologians at Leiden University , made similar accusations in , accusing Descartes of "hold[ing] God to be a deceiver", a position that they stated to be "contrary to the glory of God".
Descartes was threatened with having his views condemned by a synod , but this was prevented by the intercession of the Prince of Orange at the request of the French Ambassador Servien. He did not directly rebut the charge of implying that the evil demon was omnipotent, but asserted that simply describing something with "some attribute that in reality belongs only to God" does not mean that that something is being held to actually be a supreme God.
The progression through the First Meditation, leading to the introduction of the concept of the evil genius at the end, is to introduce various categories into the set of dubitables, such as mathematics i. Scholars contend that in fact Descartes was not introducing a new hypothetical, merely couching the idea of a deceptive God in terms that would not be offensive. Surprise surprise, they eat it and he leaps out from behind a bush shouting "Gotcha. Bertrand Russell , most of them from the Pentateuch.
A notable exception is the Book of Job , a classical case study of theodicy , which can be argued to consciously discuss the possibility of dystheism e.
Carl Jung , Answer to Job. Thomas Paine wrote in The Age of Reason that "whenever we read the obscene stories, the voluptuous debaucheries, the cruel and torturous executions, the unrelenting vindictiveness, with which more than half the Bible is filled, it would be more consistent that we called it the word of a demon than the word of God.
Mainstream Christian theology sees these as references to Satan "the Devil" , but Gnostics , Marcionites , and Manicheans saw these as references to Yahweh God himself. He traces the history of ideas behind misotheism from the Book of Job , via Epicureanism and the twilight of Roman paganism, to deism , anarchism , Nietzschean philosophy, feminism , and radical humanism. Schweizer argues that literature is the preferred medium for the expression of God-hatred because the creative possibilities of literature allow writers to simultaneously unburden themselves of their misotheism, while ingeneously veiling their blasphemy.
He talks, in part, about the African "sleeping sickness", malaria. Lawrence Shannon in The Night of the Iguana. The play is based on an actual trial Wiesel participated in that was conducted by inmates of the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Nazi holocaust , but it also references a number of other incidents in Jewish history including a similar trial conducted by the Hasidic Rabbi Levi Yosef Yitzhak of Berdichev : Men and women are being beaten, tortured and killed.
True, they are victims of men. Not all? Every person who suffers or causes suffering, every woman who is raped, every child who is tormented implicates Him.
What, you need more? A hundred or a thousand? Listen, either he is responsible or he is not. If he is not, let him stop judging us. Playing an aspiring stand-up comedian who is asked in an acting class to talk about an experience that has affected him deeply in order to sharpen his skills as a performer, he delivers an extended uncut monologue rare for a mainstream Hollywood film at that time that heavily criticizes both modern capitalism and religion, concluding with the line "and then we can all go pray to the asshole God who fucked everything up in the first place".
He needs to come back and create clarity and not He should make it clear.
The Untold Story of Misotheism Bernard Schweizer This book shows that misotheism is a relevant form of religious dissent, albeit a neglected or suppressed one Adds to the production of knowledge by defining the various forms of God-hatred political, agonistic, and absolute and by giving a genealogy of this attitude Demonstrates how to find evidence of misotheism in texts, even when the signs are hidden Hating God The Untold Story of Misotheism Bernard Schweizer Description While atheists have now become public figures, there is another and perhaps darker strain of religious rebellion that has remained out of sight—people who hate God. Sifting through a wide range of literary and historical works, Schweizer finds that people hate God for a variety of reasons. Some are motivated by social injustice, human suffering, or natural catastrophes that God does not prevent. Some blame God for their personal tragedies. Schweizer concludes that, despite their blasphemous thoughts, these people tend to be creative and moral individuals, and include such literary lights as Friedrich Nietzsche, Mark Twain, Zora Neale Hurston, and Philip Pullman.
Hating God: The Untold Story of Misotheism
I wonder if the concept of "misotheism," which fills a gap in the system of religious classification, will spawn a following, one that either applauds the literati of his mentioning or alternatively stands up for their own views which, I surmise, may have been subconsciously tucked away. Mister Schweizer is shedding light on an area, which has surprisingly enough remained unnoticed until he blew some cobwebs from the book-covers of the classics and opened their content to a fresh viewing. Aware of the diverse emotions the misotheistic view may elicit, I hope the mere observation of an intellectual and literary stratum does not attract a negative response in defense of a deity whose existence amazingly enough is not questioned but in a twisted manner reinforced by the misotheists. A believer in God may have a "problem" with Satanism as a form of opposition to her deity, but a negative reinforcement of God might be a worse position yet — and so the miso-misotheist would be born.
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